What are the signs and symptoms of periodontal infection?
Because periodontal infection grows under your gums, you may have no symptoms at all. Patients with more advanced periodontal disease may experience some of the following symptoms:
- Red, swollen or tender gums that may or may not bleed spontaneously or with tooth brushing
- Tooth sensitivity to heat/cold
- Bad breath
- Deep pockets around the teeth
- Spaces between the teeth
- Loose or shifting teeth
- Missing teeth
- Gums receding around the teeth (longer looking teeth)
What are the stages of periodontal disease?
Stage 1: Gingivitis: In this early stage, your gums may look normal but they also may be red, puffy, and bleed easily when you brush your teeth. You also may notice some mouth odor. This is because bacteria in plaque have caused infection.
Stage 2: Early Periodontitis: This occurs when the bacterial infection spreads from the gum to the bone that supports the teeth. The bacteria then cause small spaces or crevices to form between the gums. These crevices are called pockets. They are deeper than normal spaces, which measure 1 to 3 mm deep. Bacteria in the pocket also can destroy bone. As the pocket grows and the amount of bacteria increases, the gums recede down the root of the tooth, further increasing the pocket depth.
Stage 3: Moderate Periodontitis: When the gum has crept further down the root, it is called moderate periodontitis. In this stage, up to one-third of your bone has been lost.
Stage 4: Advanced Periodontitis: When half or more of the original bone holding the tooth has been lost, and pockets are very deep, it is called advanced periodontitis. The tooth may appear longer because the root is exposed, and the tooth may loosen and eventually fall out, or have to be removed by your dentist.
How is periodontal infection treated?
Periodontal disease is an infection in the gums and jawbone. The goal of treatment is to remove this infection and prevent it from coming back. The specific treatment required to do this will vary with each patients' individual needs. After your initial examination, we will completely explain your different options for treatment.
For more helpful information on how Periodontal Disease can affect our body, take a look at the links below.